A questionnaire to collect some data on library automation

It’s my humble request to all library professionals to support me by supplying some data about their real life experiences on library automation. It is very essential for me as it will help me a lot to identify some hindrance in the library automation process in our country (India).



A Survey Conducted by Raja Biswas, Librarian, Vidyasagar College, Kolkata- 700006 for partial fulfillment of a Minor Research Project funded by UGC, entitled: “Self testing & self selection of library software: A concrete step towards automation”

Click here to take survey


Please download the attached file in .docx format (compatible with Office 2007/ 2010)

Note:Install this compatibility pack if you would like to open it with older version of Microsoft Office (Microsoft Office XP or 2003) installed in your system.


Golden Jubilee Celebration: 1962-2012

West Bengal College Librarians’ Association (WBCLA), one of the active professional organizations not only in West Bengal but in India, established in the year 1962 by some College Librarians and University professionals of Kolkata with outstanding zeal to highlight the problems affecting the profession the realm of higher education in India.

WBCLA is going to celebrate its Golden Jubilee Year and holding 25th Annal Conference and a Seminar entitled “College Libraries in West Bengal: Challenges and Opportunities” on 2nd December, 2012 (Sunday).

For any information, donation or advertisement, etc. please mail to:     raja.biswas@gmail.com

The Indian Parliament

The Indian Parliament comprises two Houses – Lok Sabha (House of the People), and Rajya Sabha, (Council of the States), and the President of India. Parliament has four primary functions: to make laws, to sanction government expenditure, to oversee the work of the government, and to represent the interests of the people.

Q.1: What is Parliament?
According to the Constitution of India, the union legislative body is called the Parliament. The Hindi term for Parliament is Sansad. The Parliament includes the President and the two Houses – the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (Lok Sabha). This kind of system, with two Houses, is called a bicameral legislature.

Sabha: The Rajya Sabha (Council of States) is the Upper House of Parliament. The House has a maximum of 250 members, out of which 12 members are nominated by the President for their expertise in specific fields of art, literature, science, and social services. The remaining 238 members are elected by the members of the legislative bodies from the States and Union Territories.  The Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and unlike the Lok Sabha, it cannot be dissolved at any time.
Read the rest of this entry

Rules on blocking of content on the internet to be discussed

Rules on blocking of content on the internet to be discussed

May 11th, 2012 Harsimran

In April last year the government had notified the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines) Rules, 2011  (IT Rules) under the Information Technology Act, 2000.  The IT Rules are listed for discussion in Rajya Sabha today in pursuance of a motion moved by Mr.  P. Rajeeve [CPI(M)].  The motion seeks to annul these Rules and recommends that Lok Sabha also concur with the motion.

The IT Rules require intermediaries (internet service providers, blogging sites like Blogger and WordPress, and cyber cafés) to take certain action.  Intermediaries are required to enter into agreements with their users prohibiting publication of certain content.  Content that cannot be published includes anything that is ‘harmful to minors in any way’, ‘blasphemous’, ‘encouraging money laundering’ etc.  This raises three issues.

Some of the categories of content prohibited for publication are ambiguous and undefined.  For instance, ‘grossly harmful’ and ‘blasphemous’ content are not defined.

Publication of certain content prohibited under the IT Rules, is currently not an offences under other laws.  Their publication is in fact allowed in other forms of media, such as newspapers.  Newspapers are bound by Press Council Norms.  These Norms do not prohibit publication of all the content specified under the IT Rules.  For instance, while these Norms require newspapers to show respect to all religions and their gods, they do not prohibit publication of blasphemy.  However, under the IT Rules blasphemy is prohibited.  This might lead to a situation, where articles that may be published in newspapers legally, may not be reproduced on the internet for example in the e-paper or on the newspaper’s website.

Prohibition of publication of certain content under the IT Rules may also violate the right to freedom of speech.  Under Article 19(2) of the Constitution restrictions on the right to freedom of speech may be imposed in the interest of the State’s sovereignty, integrity, security and friendly relations with other States, public order, morality, decency, contempt of court, and for protection against defamation.  The content prohibited under the IT Rules may not meet the requirement of Article 19(2).  This may impinge on the right to freedom of speech and expression.

Further, anyone can complain against such content to the intermediary.  The intermediary is required to remove content if it falls within the description specified in the IT Rules.  In the event the intermediary decides not to remove the content, it may be held liable.   This could lead to a situation where, in order to minimise the risk of liability, the intermediary may block more content than it is required.  This may imply adverse consequences for freedom of expression on the internet.

Copyright Bill cleared: artistes entitled to lifelong royalty

The Hindu

“Poor artistes had been left in the lurch, as producers cornered all royalties”

Song writers, artistes and performers can now claim royalty for their works, as Parliament on Tuesday approved amendments to the Copyright Act that entitles artistes to lifelong royalty.

The Copyright Act (Amendment) Bill, 2012 was passed by the Lok Sabha unanimously, with members from all parties supporting the measure for creative artistes, whose benefits are cornered by producers under the existing law.

The Bill, passed by the Rajya Sabha last week, declares authors owners of the copyright, which cannot be assigned to producers, as was the practice till now. Read the rest of this entry

Cancel the subscription

It has been a slow but steady move to make scholarship freely available

Most of us spend a few hundred rupees a year on the magazines we buy for leisure reading or for keeping abreast of current affairs. But if you are a scientist, you may be shelling out a few thousand rupees for the journal your professional society publishes for its members. Of course, if you are a serious researcher, you may have to read or refer to many journals, not two or three. And you will depend on your institution’s library for those journals.

Till 20-30 years ago, most academic libraries, at least in the West, did not find it difficult to subscribe to most journals needed by the scientists in their institutions. Then things started changing and journal subscription prices started skyrocketing — some costing $20,000-40,000 — leading to what librarians call the serials crisis. Much of the price rise was caused by commercial publishers, such as Elsevier, Springer and Wiley. These three control most of the 24,000 science, technology and medicine journals and publish more than 40 per cent of all journal articles today. Elsevier reported a profit of 37 per cent of its revenue in 2011 (up from 36 per cent in 2010); the profit of the other two is no less than 30 per cent despite the recession. Read the rest of this entry

Run Linux Programmes in Microsoft Windows: Tutorial

You might hard about Alcohol, which assist to run windows programmes in Linux. Now run essential Linux programmes from within the Microsoft Windows operating system. Just follow this movie. No need to install and configure any Virtual PC… Just install andLinux like other windows software and run Linux programmes from within the Window

Run Linux Programmes in Microsoft Windows

Google Chrome hacked in five mins

Hackers have defeated Google Chrome for the first time in an annual competition to test the security of the most popular web browser.

A group of French hackers were able to bypass Google security features to gain control of a Windows PC in less than five minutes at the Pwn2own competition in Canada. Read the rest of this entry

Encyclopedia Britannica to end print editions

Encyclopedia Britannica Inc. said on 13.3.2012 that it will stop publishing print editions of its flagship encyclopedia for the first time since the sets were originally published more than 200 years ago.
The book-form of Encyclopedia Britannica has been in print since it was first published in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1768.
It will stop being available when the current stock runs out, the company said. The Chicago-based company will continue to offer digital versions of the encyclopedia.
Officials said the end of the printed, 32-volume set has been foreseen for some time.
“This has nothing to do with Wikipedia or Google,” Encyclopedia Britannica Inc. President Jorge Cauz said. “This has to do with the fact that now Britannica sells its digital products to a large number of people.”
Read the rest of this entry

Library Legislation in India


More information: Library acts in Indian States : a comparative assessment by Raman Nair, R.

Please share some information about which state had already implemented this Act. Expecting some comments from the viewers…


CLMS 2012

National Seminar
Challenges in Library Management System
February  24 – 25, 2012
Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), Kolkata


Hurdles to ensure user centric library

Raja Biswas, Librarian, Senior Scale

Vidyasagar College; 39, Sankar Ghosh Lane, Kolkata- 700006

Mail ID: raja.biswas@gmail.com



Library professionals in the state of West Bengal are much more familiar with the Windows Operating System and thus they have initiated library automation software in this OS. Market share of available OS and Government level initiatives also reflect this situation. Modern library automation software are very advance in nature and requires lots of technical knowledge during and after its implementation. Web2.0 compliant virtual existence of the library along with OPAC and Digital Library Software to provide actual documents, are some basic needs in these days. Web2.0 along with RSS feed and integration of social networking sites in it ensure best possible option to reach to the users. To build a user centric library, selections of software(s) are very tough job and it may be achieved through sharing of experiences of failure and success stories among the library professionals.


Operating System, Windows, Linux, Content Management Software, Digital Library Software, Web2.0, Library Management Software, User centric library.


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National Seminar at University of Burdwan, West Bengal, India

User centric library service: A model based on practical experience
Raja Biswas
Librarian, Senior Scale
Vidyasagar College, Kolkata- 700006, West Bengal, India

Rapid advances in information technologies have revolutionized the role of libraries. As a result, libraries face new challenges, competitors, demands, and expectations. Libraries are redesigning services and information products to add value to their services and to satisfy the changing information needs of the user community with the help of available technologies. Library automation systems and computer applications require considerable technical skills together with an extensive knowledge of the functional needs of library organization and modern trends & standards that are applied in the field of library services. It is now expected that the librarians should be competent enough to implement these modern applications to ensure library services according to the users need. So selection of software and proper planning is very vital. Above all their successes also depend on the competency level of the librarian that they must have to acquire during their LIS course of study or in service.

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What is SOPA

Just visit this link for detailed information: SOPA

The following guidelines are for your first reference to become Cyber smart

  1. Delete all e-mails and SMS from any stranger luring you with billion dollar lottery prize, jobs in UK and huge wealth.
  2. Delete all e-mails/SMS/Phone calls that ask for your personal information such as user name, passwords, PIN, Credit Codes
  3. Install a trusted Internet Security Suite and update it regularly.
  4. Never leave your Wi-Fi Network unsecured. Use a strong password.
  5. Never share your passwords with anyone and change them frequently using a combination of letters, numerical and special characters.
  6. Never forget to sign out of your email or any other accounts.
  7. Never reveal your personal information to any stranger in online chatting.
  8. Never make online transactions in unsecured sites. Watch for ‘https’ in the address bar.
  9. Never follow links to your banking website from another website or e-mail. Type it yourself in the address bar.
  10. Never open spam mails as they contain either virus or spyware. Enable spam filters in your mail boxes.
  11. Never post sensitive information in social networking and marriage sites.
  12. Never be greedy for free downloads. They might infect your computers.
  13. Never let credit cards go out of your sight while paying.
  14. Never visit sites that contain pornography or terror links.

Link: http://www.kolkatapolice-cybercampaign.net/index.php?section=cyber&action=guidelines


Academic library website: A practical experience

Raja Biswas
Librarin, Senior Scale, Vidyasagar College,
Kolkata- 700006, West Bengal, India
Dr. Swapna Banerjee
Associate Professor, DLIS, University of Calcutta,
Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Library portals help in cooperation, collaboration, personalisation and social networking. The Content Management Software helps in these activities to a great extent. WordPress, along with Web 2.0 ensures all the above aspects as tested in a College Library. This system also helps to implement multilingual interface, community support, collaborative environment, access to scholarly content, which are very common and expected services of a library.

Keywords: Blog, Content Management Software, RSS, Web search engines, Websites, WordPress

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KOHA Installation Tutorial Video

Koha is the first free and open source software library automation package (ILS). Development is sponsored by libraries of varying types and sizes, volunteers, and support companies from around the world. It can be installed in either Linux or Windows. Installation in Windows Platform (tested up to Windows 7- 32 Bit) is very easy, if you follow the steps shown in this video. Please let me know your experience…


Required software (download from my dropbox a/c)

G.O.68EDN(CS) Dated 15.1.2009 regarding Librarian redesignation (West Bengal)

Govt. Order Number: 68Edn(CS) Dated 15.1.2009 regarding  redesignation of the post of Librarian in West Bengal.

The Digital South Asian Library

The Digital South Asian Library            Link: Click here to open

Digital Dictionaries of South Asia         Link: Click here to open

About Digital Dictionaries of South Asia

Funding Information

The University of Chicago received two grants to create and disseminate electronic dictionaries for the languages of South Asia. Funding was from the International Research and Studies Program within the Office of International Education and Graduate Programsat the US Department of Education. Work on the first grant was conducted in collaboration with Columbia University and the Triangle South Asia Consortium in North Carolina. Read the rest of this entry

Distance PhD bar off


New Delhi, Aug. 29: The University Grants Commission (UGC) has lifted its two-year-old ban on MPhil and PhD courses through correspondence, the U-turn apparently forced by legal opinion against the move following protests from universities.

Open universities like Ignou and several general universities had protested the ban on the ground that their respective laws, passed by Parliament or legislatures, allowed them to offer such courses. Ignou had even continued to offer such programmes. Read the rest of this entry

Microsoft® WebMatrix

Create, customize and publish websites with WebMatrix

WebMatrix is a free web development tool from Microsoft that includes everything you need for website development. Start from open source web applications, built-in web templates or just start writing code yourself. It’s all-inclusive, simple and best of all free. Developing websites has never been easier.

Create your website

To get started creating websites, just download and install WebMatrix using the Microsoft Web Platform Installer. You’ll be up and running less than 5 minutes! Once WebMatrix is installed, we make it simple to get and install the latest version of your favorite free web applications such as WordPress, Joomla!, DotNetNuke and Orchard.

India notches another space success

India notches another space success

SRIHARIKOTA (Andhra Pradesh): India notched another milestone in its space programme on Friday evening when it successfully launched a heavy-duty rocket that placed a major communications satellite in space.

A beaming Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief K Radhakrishnan told reporters after the 4.48 p.m. launch Friday that the mission was a success.

“It is a tricky mission. I am extremely happy to state that the PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle)-C17 GSAT-12 mission is successful. The satellite was launched in the intended orbit,” he said at the launch site here, 80 km north of Tamil Nadu’s capital Chennai. Read the rest of this entry

Poll: Service condition and leave rule for Librarians

Library science

Library science

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Library science (or Library and Information science) is an interdisciplinary field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of managementinformation technologyeducation, and other areas to libraries; the collection, organization, preservation, and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information. The first school for library science was founded by Melvil Dewey at Columbia University in 1887. Read the rest of this entry

Public Libraries Aren’t Going Away Soon

As Wi-Fi Havens And E-Book Centers, Public Libraries Aren’t Going Away Soon

BY Kit EatonMon Jun 27, 2011

A new survey by the American Library Association shows that 99.3% of public libraries offer free access to the web even if you don’t have a PC and 67% offer e-books. Summer just got a whole lot cooler. Read the rest of this entry



Sri Somnath Raha ,Sri Raja Biswas, Sri Rabindranath Kar, Sri Nitai Ray Chaudhury ,

and Sri Bhagyadhar Hazari.


Academic systems of a State or of the Union, is practically based upon the policies, philosophy, political ideologies, social standpoints, planning, desire for upgradation in accordance with the international standard, programme orienting eradication of illiteracy and its implementation, constant need for modernization. It is also a media for formation of favourable public opinion and all these aspects and the like others, in the background of the tradition, culture and great heritage of the country concerned,  strictly regulated and controlled by the ruling parties as per sets of suitable Acts, Statutes, Regulations, Government Orders with the exception to a few  academic institutions,  run by religious minorities or the like. The collegiate education in West Bengal is no exception. “Educational information and library service is clearly part of a larger organization, the institution that it serves. The institution’s curriculum, educational philosophy, and politics have major implications for the way in which the service operates…..An effective manager recognizes this part-of a part feature and considers the total library’s environment, both internal and external in making his/her decisions.” (‘Management Basics for Information Professionals’  by G. Edward Evans, Patricia Layzell Ward and Bendik Rugaas). Read the rest of this entry

The Copyright Amendment Bill 2010

The Copyright Amendment Bill 2010:

on the death of books and the digital environment

Aparna Viswanathan


The Copyright (Amendment) Bill 2010, approved by the Union Cabinet on December 24, 2009, and introduced in the Rajya Sabha on April 19, 2010, sparked great controversy for a number of reasons. First, in an unusual departure from the British legal tradition, inspired by French and German law, the Bill proposes guaranteed royalties for lyricists/composers for the commercial exploitation of their songs. Anticipating that these new rights will force producers to share 50 per cent of royalties with lyricists and composers, these proposals were simultaneously welcomed by the former and condemned by the film industry. Second, the Bill introduces the parallel importation of books in accordance with Article 6 of the Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement — a provision intended to provide readers in developing countries with books at cheaper prices but which, ironically, in India has been heralded by publishers as the death of books or at least the death of Indian publishing. Read the rest of this entry

Community development & students’ participation

Community development & students’ participation*

* Raja Biswas, Librarian, Senior Scale; Vidyasagar College, Kolkata- 700006



The concept of Community Development in India was initiated well before independence. Even during the struggle for independence, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi – the Father of the Nation, considerable attention was given to rural development and reconstruction. During our long struggle for independence, our leaders repeatedly promised to the people, who had for centuries lived deep in poverty, disease and ignorance, that, with independence our new Government and our resources would be mobilized and directed toward removing the conditions of poverty.

Just after independence the leaders of our country realised that democracy will not survive, if the citizens cannot find a basic difference of their prevailing condition before and after independence. So Community Development & Extension Programmes in India were to occupy positions of high priority in the rebuilding of New India. Read the rest of this entry

Role of College Libraries in Community Development

Role of College Libraries in Community Development

Raja Biswas, Librarian, Senior Scale; Vidyasagar College; Kolkata-6.

Community Development: Concept

According to Mr. S. K. Dey, Honourable Minister-in-Charge, Community Development, Government of India (1957)  “…in the advanced countries of the world it has meant activities of people in local groups and communities wherein they gather together over common specialized interests through which they find democratic expression for their energy and aspirations.

In the under-developed countries like that of ours, the concept needs to be grown beyond the borders of specializations. The programme encompasses agriculture, animal husbandry, irrigation, cooperation, public health, education, social education, communications, village industries, panchayats and local Self-Government, in fact, all aspects of life that relate to the 82% of India’s teeming population.” Read the rest of this entry

DSpace Vs Greenstone




License type BSD license GNU General Public license
Pre-requisites for WindowslUNIXILINUX WindowslUNIXILINUX
installation JDK 1.5 orlater JDK 1.5 or later, Perl 5.0 or later and GCC Read the rest of this entry

Librarian and the Library Profession: A brief account

Librarian and the Library Profession: A brief account

Raja Biswas, Librarian, Sr. Scale; Vidyasagar College, Kolkata- 700006. 


Practically libraries evolved as the day when man first attempted to preserve its ideas in some permanent form, on a surface external to himself i.e. out of his mind. First known manuscript found was also approximately 4500 years old. So the histories of the libraries are quite old. The early library keepers have travelled a long way and the concept of librarianship and its principles also changed according to its need. Although, now a days the librarians play a vital role in the society but still they have to acquire their proper status in the society. The librarian job must be regarded as professional job like doctors; lawyers etc. and the librarians also need some modifications to acquire professionalism. Library schools and associations must also have to contribute their significant role to produce true library professionals. Read the rest of this entry